Head Lice Facts You Need To Know

head lice facts

Here are head lice facts that you need to know, they are a plural form of head louse. Head louse is a very small parasitic insect. It lives among human hairs and feeds on a very small amount of blood drawn from the scalp. Head lice are so common, especially for kids. Lice are contagious and disturbing. Sometimes, they are hard to get rid of. However, head lice are not dangerous. There is no disease that is spread by lice. However, their bites will cause the itchiness and irritation on the scalp of your child. When your child scratches it hard and a lot, it will cause an infection. The best thing to overcome this little problem is to treat head lice quickly once you found the lice. Head lice can easily spread from person to person.

Although head lice are tiny, they can be seen without any magnification. There are some signs of the head lice you need to know to get rid of it.

  1. Nits

Nits are lice eggs. They look like very small and yellow, tan, or brown dots before hatching. They lay the eggs or nits on hair shaft close to the scalp. It is the place with the perfect temperature for keeping the nits warm until they hatch. Head lice eggs look like some sort of dandruff at first glance, you can remove the eggs by brushing or shaking them off.

When the infestation is heavy, the nits are more commonly seen in a hair of your child then seeing lice live crawling on the scalp. After laying the eggs, it takes one to two weeks for hatching. After the hatch, there will be some remaining white shells and it stays firmly attached to the shaft of the hair. From there, it’s easiest to spot them. It is because of the hair is growing longer that makes the egg shell moving away from the scalp.

  1. Nymphs & Adult Lice

The adult lice are the same size as a sesame seed. The color is grayish-white or tan. Nymphs are baby lice. They are smaller than the adult one. Nymphs will become adult in 1 to 2 weeks after they hatch. This process will be repeated by itself every three weeks when they are not treated. Head lice consume blood some times a day, and they will survive for about 2 days off the scalp.

  1. Itchiness

Itchiness that comes from lice bites lead to scratching. This is the effect of the lice saliva. The itching mas not always start right after the bite. It depends on the sensitivity of your child’s skin. Sometime, it may take weeks for the bite to get your child start scratching. You child may feel that things are moving around their head or things that are tickling their heads.

  1. Sores or Small Red Bumps

For children, the irritation is mild. The more bothersome rash may develop for others. When your child scratches the head a lot, it can lead to a bacterial infection. The infection cause swollen lymph glands and red. If your child have a tender skin, it might have crusting and oozing. When you go to a doctor, he will give your child an oral antibiotic to overcome those problems.

You can actually the nits or lice by parting your kid’s hair into some small sections. You can use a fine-tooth comb. Check them on the right spots such as scalp, behind the ears, and around the nape of the neck. With the support of magnifying glass and bright light will be very helpful. But finding the baby or adult lice is hard because they move fast.

If your kids keep scratching their head and the lice won’t go away, it is time to visit the doctor. The doctor will give your kids the right treatment.

Well, to fulfill this article with useful information about head lice, here are some head lice facts you need to know to get yourself familiar with head lice. These are very helpful for you in understanding more about the head lice behavior and some steps to avoid them. With these facts, your family will be protected.

– Head lice are kinds of parasitic insects that only attack humans. There is no lice on family pet, and you can’t give lice to them too.

– The size of lice is very small, you can say it tiny. The size is as same as sesame seed. The color can be brown, tan, and gray.

– Because the head lice can fly and jump, spreading through head-to-head contact is the most common and effective way.

– Head lice like to be in a dark and warm environment. They are often found behind ears, at the neck nape, and under a ponytail. The head lice are rarely found on eyebrows and eyelashes.

– Head lice can’t live off the scalp. They stay alive by feeding on blood from the scalp. When they are off the scalp, they will die in 1 to 2 days because there is no food source off the scalp.

– Head lice eggs or nits look like dandruff especially if you do not see it in focus. The nits are firmly attached to the hair shaft. That is because nits have a substance which is waterproof. It won’t brush off easily.

– Female head lice can lay nits up to 10 per day each. They lay it nearby the scalp.

– There is not socioeconomic or ethnic boundaries in getting head lice. Anyone can get them on their head. The infest opportunity is equal.

– Males typically have short hair and females typically have long hair. That is why females are more likely to get head lice than males.


Those are the head lice facts that might very helpful for you and your family to get away from head lice that are annoying.